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Portrait Silhouette (Scherenschnitte)
The Image:
-Strong postitive and negative space. Thus, profile is better then front view portrait.
-Should you exagerate the posture?
-Should you break rules of true silhouette?
The Materials:
-X-Acto Knife
-Stock: Traditional: Black paper applied to white.
-Stock: Solid, Pattern, Texture; How to select.
The Exhibition:
-Scale: The advantages of miniture (magnifying glass). Review VCNU lecture.
-Scale: Advantages of large format.
-Contemporary Art (i.e. Kara Walker)
-Commercial: Textile design, logo, packaging.
-Think outside the box: (lino) Rubber stamp designs used for stationary
The Technique:
Silhouette (1) trace a shadow (2) sketch first, then cut (3) cut free hand.
-Start with small intricate parts.
-Cut out the drawing side. The final image will be flipped over and viewed in reverse.
The History & Notes for Scherenschnitee:
Italy: Leonardo da Vinci invented scissors.
Turkey: 16th craft guilds in turkey used knives, not scissors
Poland: children-wycinanki (vi-chee-non-ki)
German.  Scherenschnitte (shear-enschnit-tah)
Paris (birth place of silhouette)
Mexico: Tissue paper cutting- papel picado
United States: “1831 American artist William Henry Brown (silhouette portrait of 65 members of the St. Louis fire engine company. Over 20 ft long in length.

Contemporary Art:
United States: Kara Walker books, After the Deluged, Narratives of a Negress, Bureau of Refugeesd

Associations:   
American Society of Portrait Artists, 2781 Selda Rd. Montgomery, AL 36106 (334) 270-1600)

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